Do breastfed infants grow up to be taller than formula-fed infants?

Last updated: February 20, 2022
The single study in this list that examines this question found that the answer is no. We identified this study as a literature review, which is a type of study that reviews and often evaluates the findings of many studies on a question. Accordingly, we would give more weight to this study, but would also encourage you to read it for yourself if you have access to the full text.
*Note that the latest study on this question is over 7 years old. A more recent study may provide a more relevant answer.
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Chart summary of 1 study examining this question

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Literature Reviews
Although we recommend you consider all of the studies below, we believe the following study is a literature review, which surveys and evaluates many studies on this question:

SUMMARIES OF STUDIES
Total studies in list: 1
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1
Effect of Breastfeeding Promotion Interventions on Child Growth: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
"ABSTRACT Aim: To update a previous systematic review and meta-analyses about the effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on child growth.Methods: Studies evaluating the effect of any type of breastfeeding promotion intervention on child weight, length (or height) and weight/height (or BMI) were screened. Papers published between 2006 and 2014 were checked using the following databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Lilacs and SciELO.Results: Sixteen studies were added to 19 other studies identified in the previous review, resulting in 35 studies. Meta-analyses of studies reporting on mean weight, length, weight/ length or BMI showed that the interventions had no impact on weight or length/height z scores [pooled effect: 0.03 (95% confidence interval: À0.06;0.12) and 0.03 (95% confidence interval: À0.02;0.08), respectively] and had a modest, but significant, reduction in body mass index/weight-for-height z scores [z score mean difference: À0.06 (95% confidence interval: À0.12;0.00)], which was limited to studies from low-and highincomes settings. For all three outcomes, there was important heterogeneity among studies, which should be taken into account when interpreting the results. Conclusion:Breastfeeding promotion interventions were not associated with significant changes in weight or length, but led to a modest, albeit significant, reduction in body mass index/weight-for-height z scores."
AUTHOR
Elsa Regina Justo GiuglianiFederal University of Rio Grande do Sul
PUBLISHED
2015 Acta Paediatrica
Literature Review
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