Do gun buyback programs reduce gun violence?

Submitted by: XJackson 78

There is no consensus in the literature on this question.
This short answer was generated by aggregating the answers that each of the 11 studies below gave to the question (as indicated by State of K members) and adjusting for source quality and other factors. If key studies are missing or the answers attributed to individual studies are incorrect, the above answer could be wrong.
Chart Summary of 11 Studies Examining this Question
(showing up to 10 at a time)

All answers are assigned by State of K users. The label Mixed means that a study found some evidence to indicate that the answer to the question is "yes" and some evidence to indicate that the answer is "no". This label is often applied when a study uses two or more proxies to study the same phenomenon (i.e. firearm sales figures and self-reported firearm ownership rates as proxies for the prevalence of firearms) and the proxies yield different results when looking for correlations with another phenomenon (i.e. firearm-related deaths). Alternatively, the label may be applied if the phenomenon under study (i.e. whether breast milk improves cognitive function) is true for one group, but not another (i.e. true for girls, but not for boys). The label Insuff. Evidence means that a study found there was insufficient evidence to reach a conclusion regarding the question. The label No Data means that State of K wasn't able to identify the study's response to the question based on the information that was available. This label is often applied when the person creating the list does not have access to the full text and the answer isn't clear from the abstract.

All labels of Literature Reviews and Highly Regarded Source are assigned by State of K. The label Highly Regarded Source, as applied to journals, is a label assigned to the top 20 journals (as measured by the h-index) in various subcategories as classified and reported by Google Scholar. As applied to NGOs, the label is assigned to US NGOs ranked by the TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports. The information contained in a source that is labelled "highly regarded" is not necessarily more accurate than information contained in a source without that label.
Literature Reviews
Although we recommend you consider all of the studies below, we believe the following studies are literature reviews, which survey and evaluate many studies on this question:
Suspicious of the answer? Don’t complain. Do something!
Directly submit a study you know (or published) that examines this question. If you think a different question is more relevant or a more narrow question is better, submit your question and create a list of studies on it. If approved, your question will appear on the right under "Related Questions to Consider" so that readers of this question will see your question.

Summaries of Studies

Studies found that examine this question: 11
Sorted by: Publication Year
Find and Add More Studies
Add a Specific Study to List Save this List
The study was submitted. If approved, it will be added to this list.

Related Questions to Consider

Who sells guns in gun buyback programs? (7 studies)

Does the prevalence of firearms increase gun-related police deaths? (5 studies)

Add question to consider
What additional question do you want someone who searches for "do gun buyback programs reduce gun violence" to consider?
Answer your question by gathering studies Cancel