Does the prevalence of firearms increase gun-related police deaths?

Submitted by: DEvans 8

Yes.
This short answer was generated by aggregating the answers that each of the 4 studies below gave to the question (as indicated by State of K members) and adjusting for source quality and other factors. If key studies are missing or the answers attributed to individual studies are incorrect, the above answer could be wrong.
3
YES ANSWERS
1
NO ANSWERS
0
MIXED RESULTS ANSWERS
0
INSUFFICIENT EVIDENCE ANSWERS
0
NO DATA ON ANSWER


Chart summary of 4 studies examining this question

All answers are assigned by State of K users. The label Mixed means that a study found some evidence to indicate that the answer to the question is "yes" and some evidence to indicate that the answer is "no". This label is often applied when a study uses two or more proxies to study the same phenomenon (i.e. firearm sales figures and self-reported firearm ownership rates as proxies for the prevalence of firearms) and the proxies yield different results when looking for correlations with another phenomenon (i.e. firearm-related deaths). Alternatively, the label may be applied if the phenomenon under study (i.e. whether breast milk improves cognitive function) is true for one group, but not another (i.e. true for girls, but not for boys). The label Insuff. Evidence means that a study found there was insufficient evidence to reach a conclusion regarding the question. The label No Data means that State of K wasn't able to identify the study's response to the question based on the information that was available. This label is often applied when the person creating the list does not have access to the full text and the answer isn't clear from the abstract.

All labels of Literature Reviews and Highly Regarded Source are assigned by State of K. The label Highly Regarded Source, as applied to journals, is a label assigned to the top 20 journals (as measured by the h-index) in various subcategories as classified and reported by Google Scholar. As applied to NGOs, the label is assigned to US NGOs ranked by the TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports. The information contained in a source that is labelled "highly regarded" is not necessarily more accurate than information contained in a source without that label.


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SUMMARIES OF STUDIES
Total studies in list: 4
Sorted by publication year
1
Firearm Prevalence and Homicides of Law Enforcement Officers in the United States
"OBJECTIVES: In the United States, state firearm ownership has been correlated with homicide rates. More than 90% of homicides of law enforcement officers (LEOs) are committed with firearms. We examined the relationship between state firearm ownership rates and LEO occupational homicide rates.\n\nMETHODS: We obtained the number LEOs killed from 1996 to 2010 from a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) database. We calculated homicide rates per state as the number of officers killed per number of LEOs per state, obtained from another FBI database. We obtained the mean household firearm ownership for each state from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.\n\nRESULTS: Using Poisson regression and controlling for factors known to affect homicide rates, we associated firearm ownership with the homicide rates for LEOs (incidence rate ratio = 1.044; P = .005); our results were supported by cross-sectional and longitudinal sensitivity analyses. LEO homicide rates were 3 times higher in states with high firearm ownership compared with states with low firearm ownership.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: High public gun ownership is a risk for occupational mortality for LEOs in the United States. States could consider methods for reducing firearm ownership as a way to reduce occupational deaths of LEOs."
HIGHLY REGARDED SOURCE
AUTHORS
David Hemenway
Francesca Dominici
Molly M. Simmons
David I. Swedler
PUBLISHED
2015 in American Journal of Public Health
Q1
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes
2
The Impact of Gun Laws on Police Deaths
"This paper uses state-level data from 1984-1996 to examine how right-to-carry laws and waiting periods affect police deaths. Many people oppose concealed carry laws because they believe these laws jeopardize law enforcement officials who risk their lives to protect the citizenry. This paper strongly rejects this contention. States that allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed weapons have a slightly higher likelihood of having a felonious police death and slightly higher police death rates prior to the law. After enactment of the right-to-carry laws, states exhibit a reduced likelihood of having a felonious police death rate and slightly lower rates of police deaths. States that implement waiting periods have slightly lower felonious police death rates both before and after the law. Allowing law-abiding citizens to carry concealed weapons does not endanger the lives of officers, and may help reduce their risk of being killed."
AUTHOR
David B. Mustard
PUBLISHED
2001 in SSRN Electronic Journal
SUSPECT SOURCE
SUBMITTED BY
MGiesbrecht 92
No
No
3
The Police as Victims: The Role of Guns in the Murder of Police
"Examined data on murder rates of police officers from the 37 largest cities in the US for 1970–1978. It was found that (1) the rate at which police officers were murdered was related to the murder rate in the cities, and (2) police officers were murdered at a higher rate in cities where a greater proportion of suicides, homicides, robberies, and aggravated assaults involve guns. Findings suggest that the increased availability and use of guns in a community may reflect a higher likelihood of lethal violence toward police."
AUTHOR
David Lester
PUBLISHED
1987 in Psychological Reports
Q3
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes
4
Police Officers Killed and the Guns Used by Criminals
"Examined the relationship between the characteristics of confiscated handguns in 17 US cities, as reported in the 1976 Project Identification, and the rates with which police officers were murdered in those cities, as provided by the author (1978). Police officers were murdered at a higher rate in cities where handguns were inexpensive and traceable; revolvers and short-barrelled guns, particularly those from pawn shops, were most often used. (2 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)"
AUTHOR
David Lester
PUBLISHED
1982 in Psychological Reports
Q3
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes







ADDITIONAL STUDIES TO CONSIDER ADDING TO LIST
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QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
Do driver training programs reduce traffic injuries?
13 studies
Submitted by: DBuss 82

Does deporting undocumented immigrants reduce crime?
3 studies
Submitted by: GFarahani 0

Does granting legal status to undocumented immigrants reduce their likelihood of committing crime?
5 studies
Submitted by: PSingh 0

Add question
What additional question do you want someone who searches for "does the prevalence of firearms increase gun-related police deaths" to consider?