Is there really a home-field advantage in sports?

Submitted by: THunter 88

Yes, there is really a home-field advantage in sports. The studies in this list for which we have identified answers are unanimous on this conclusion.
This short answer was generated by aggregating the answers that each of the 46 studies below gave to the question (as indicated by State of K members) and adjusting for source quality and other factors. If key studies are missing or the answers attributed to individual studies are incorrect, the above answer could be wrong.
41
YES ANSWERS
0
NO ANSWERS
0
MIXED RESULTS ANSWERS
0
INSUFFICIENT EVIDENCE ANSWERS
5
NO DATA ON ANSWER


Chart summary of 46 studies examining this question
Showing up to 10 at a time

All answers are assigned by State of K users. The label Mixed means that a study found some evidence to indicate that the answer to the question is "yes" and some evidence to indicate that the answer is "no". This label is often applied when a study uses two or more proxies to study the same phenomenon (i.e. firearm sales figures and self-reported firearm ownership rates as proxies for the prevalence of firearms) and the proxies yield different results when looking for correlations with another phenomenon (i.e. firearm-related deaths). Alternatively, the label may be applied if the phenomenon under study (i.e. whether breast milk improves cognitive function) is true for one group, but not another (i.e. true for girls, but not for boys). The label Insuff. Evidence means that a study found there was insufficient evidence to reach a conclusion regarding the question. The label No Data means that State of K wasn't able to identify the study's response to the question based on the information that was available. This label is often applied when the person creating the list does not have access to the full text and the answer isn't clear from the abstract.

All labels of Literature Reviews and Highly Regarded Source are assigned by State of K. The label Highly Regarded Source, as applied to journals, is a label assigned to the top 20 journals (as measured by the h-index) in various subcategories as classified and reported by Google Scholar. As applied to NGOs, the label is assigned to US NGOs ranked by the TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports. The information contained in a source that is labelled "highly regarded" is not necessarily more accurate than information contained in a source without that label.

Literature Reviews
Although we recommend you consider all of the studies below, we believe the following studies are literature reviews, which survey and evaluate many studies on this question:
Frequently Cited Studies
The following studies are frequently cited by the other studies in this list and may be thought of as key studies on this question.
Additional Recommended Studies Not in this List (yet)

QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
Is there a homefield advantage in baseball?
5 studies
Submitted by: JAloni 105

Are presidential democracies more prone to becoming dictatorships than parliamentary democracies?
24 studies
Submitted by: SMendoza 75

Do baseball players perform worse in years where they perceive themselves to be under-compensated?
6 studies
Submitted by: Anonymous

Do formula-fed infants sleep more than breastfed infants?
15 studies
Submitted by: EZabel 110

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SUMMARIES OF STUDIES
Total studies in list: 46 showing 20 studies at a time
Sorted by publication year
41
AUTHORS
Guy Langevin
William F. Gayton
PUBLISHED
1992 in Perceptual and Motor Skills
Q4
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes
42
HOME ADVANTAGE: DOES IT EXIST IN INDIVIDUAL SPORTS
"This study examined whether the home advantage exists in individual sports. The percentage of 792 wrestling matches won at home and away were compared for a high school wrestling team from 1980-1984. A significant home advantage was found: 61% vs 54%."
AUTHOR
WILLIAM F. GAYTON
PUBLISHED
1992 in Perceptual and Motor Skills
Q4
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes
43
AUTHORS
Joseph F. Hearns
Sharon A. Mutrie
William F. Gayton
PUBLISHED
1987 in Perceptual and Motor Skills
Q4
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
NO DATA
NO DATA
44
Home advantage in soccer: A retrospective analysis
"See, stats, and: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/20272586 Home : A analysis Article Impact : 2. 25: 10.1080/ 02640418608732122: PubMed CITATIONS 166 READS 679 1 : Richard California , San 52 , 948 SEE Available : Richard Retrieved : 03"
HIGHLY REGARDED SOURCE
AUTHOR
Richard Pollard
PUBLISHED
1986 in Journal of Sports Sciences
Q1
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes
45
Local Sports Teams and Celebration of Community: A Comparative Analysis of the Home Advantage
"In major sports events between representatives of different cities, the home team has been known to have a major advantage over the visiting team. Drawing on Durkheim, Schwartz and Barsky (1977) have demonstrated that the social support of the audience is the main determinant of this advantage. In their conclusion, Schwartz and Barsky characterize sports events as a "celebration of local community" (p. 658). This article tests the celebration of community thesis by comparing the relative home advantage among 23 professional basketball teams during the 1981-82 season. Three broad variables are hypothesized to affect a team's home court advantage: (1) provincialism and stability of the city; (2) uniqueness of the home arena; and (3) the tradition of the team. Support is found for all three variables. Not only is there a home advantage in organized sports, but the magnitude of the advantage is itself bound by the social context within which the team performs."
AUTHOR
Mark S. Mizruchi
PUBLISHED
1985 in The Sociological Quarterly
SUSPECT SOURCE
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes
46
The Home Advantage
You can view the abstract at:
HIGHLY REGARDED SOURCE
AUTHORS
Stephen F. Barsky
Barry Schwartz
PUBLISHED
1977 in Social Forces
Q1
SUBMITTED BY
JAloni 105
Yes
Yes







ADDITIONAL STUDIES TO CONSIDER ADDING TO LIST
Total additional studies: 16
State of K's algorithms generated the list of studies below based on the studies that were added to the above list. Some of these studies may also examine: "Is there really a home-field advantage in sports?" If a study examines this question, add it to the list by pressing the button.

Only add studies that examine the same question. Do not add studies that are merely on the same topic.

Testosterone, territoriality, and the ‘home advantage’
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9384(02)00969-1
AUTHORS
Sandy Wolfson
Nick Neave
PUBLISHED
2003 in Physiology & Behavior

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The Effect of an Artificial Pitch Surface on Home Team Performance in Football (Soccer)
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.2307/2982859
AUTHORS
S. Hilditch
V. Barnett
PUBLISHED
1993 in Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (Statistics in Society)

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Highly regarded source
Evidence of a reduced home advantage when a team moves to a new stadium
"Home advantage is well documented for professional baseball, basketball and ice hockey in North America. One of the possible causes of this advantage is familiarity with the local playing facility. This was investigated and quantified in an analysis of 37 teams moving to new stadiums, but in the same city, from 1987 to 2001. Home advantage during the first season in a new stadium after the move was significantly less than home advantage in the final season in the old stadium (P= 0.011). The reduction was evident in all three sports. Possible confounding factors, such as crowd size and crowd density, were considered but did not appear to have an effect. It is estimated that about 24% of the advantage of playing at home maybe lost when a team relocates to a new facility."
AUTHOR
Richard Pollard
PUBLISHED
2002 in Journal of Sports Sciences

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Modelling performance at international tennis and golf tournaments: is there a home advantage?
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9884.00109
AUTHORS
Alan M. Nevill
Roger L. Holder
PUBLISHED
1997 in Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series D (The Statistician)

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Highly regarded source
Long-term trends in home advantage in professional team sports in North America and England (1876 – 2003)
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410400021559
AUTHORS
G Pollard
R Pollard
PUBLISHED
2005 in Journal of Sports Sciences

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An Analysis of Home and Away Game Performance of Male College Basketball Teams
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1123/jsp.2.3.245
AUTHOR
Philip E. Varca
PUBLISHED
1980 in Journal of Sport Psychology

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Highly regarded source
Do judges enhance home advantage in European championship boxing?
"There have been many examples of contentious points decisions in boxing. Professional boxing is scored subjectively by judges and referees scoring each round of the contest. We assessed whether the probability of a home win (and therefore home advantage) increased when bouts were decided by points decisions rather than knockouts. Overall, we found that bouts ending in points decisions had a significantly higher proportion of home wins than those decided by a knockout, though this effect varied across time, and controlling for relative quality of boxers was only effective when using more recent data. Focusing on these data, again the probability of a home win was higher with a points decision and this effect was consistent as “relative quality” varied. For equally matched boxers (“relative quality” = 0), expected probability of a home win was 0.57 for knockouts, 0.66 for technical knockouts and 0.74 for points decisions. The results of the present study lend general support to the notion that home advant..."
AUTHORS
AM Lane
AM Nevill
NJ Balmer
PUBLISHED
2005 in Journal of Sports Sciences

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Spectator Booing and the Home Advantage: A Study of Social Influence in the Basketball Arena
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.2307/3033796
AUTHOR
Donald L. Greer
PUBLISHED
1983 in Social Psychology Quarterly

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Highly regarded source
The influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in football
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(01)00033-4
AUTHORS
A Mark Williams
N.J Balmer
A.M Nevill
PUBLISHED
2002 in Psychology of Sport and Exercise

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The Home Advantage in Collegiate Basketball
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.2.4.352
AUTHORS
Dean A. Purdy
Eldon E. Snyder
PUBLISHED
1985 in Sociology of Sport Journal

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Highly regarded source
The influence of game location on athletes' psychological states
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(98)80006-6
AUTHORS
Albert V. Carron
Nicholas Walrond
Peter C. Terry
PUBLISHED
1998 in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

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The Effect of the Audience on the Home Advantage
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1993.76.3c.1123
AUTHOR
Simo Salminen
PUBLISHED
1993 in Perceptual and Motor Skills

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Highly regarded source
Favoritism Under Social Pressure
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1162/0034653053970267
AUTHORS
Canice Prendergast
Ignacio Palacios-Huerta
Luis Garicano
PUBLISHED
2005 in Review of Economics and Statistics

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Highly regarded source
Strategic decisions of ice hockey coaches as a function of game location
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1080/026404199365984
AUTHORS
ALBERT V. CARRON
PAUL W. DENNIS
PUBLISHED
1999 in Journal of Sports Sciences

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Highly regarded source
Favoritism of agents – The case of referees' home bias
You can view the abstract at: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4870(03)00013-8
AUTHORS
Martin G Kocher
Matthias Sutter
PUBLISHED
2004 in Journal of Economic Psychology

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QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
Is there a homefield advantage in baseball?
5 studies
Submitted by: JAloni 105

Are presidential democracies more prone to becoming dictatorships than parliamentary democracies?
24 studies
Submitted by: SMendoza 75

Do baseball players perform worse in years where they perceive themselves to be under-compensated?
6 studies
Submitted by: Anonymous

Do formula-fed infants sleep more than breastfed infants?
15 studies
Submitted by: EZabel 110

Add question
What additional question do you want someone who searches for "Is there really a home-field advantage in sports" to consider?